05 Nov Building Certificates
Occupation Certificates in SA – who needs them?
An Occupation Certificate is compulsory for every building before the occupation, as required by the National Building Regulations and Building Standards Act (1977). This is to show that all requirements have been met and to safeguard the owner.
The Occupational Certificate specifies the type of building – freestanding, terraced, cluster complex, townhouse complex, apartment or commercial building. The Certificate is required before water and electricity deposits can be accepted for newly built properties.
It is against the law to sell a property without
1) a full set of approved plans/planning permission from Council,
2) Occupation Certificate. An illegal / un-inspected building is not insured, this could lead to substantial losses in the event of fire/flood etc.
After a month’s grace to submit building plans – property owners can be fined up to R1000 a day for not complying with the Act.
In order to get an Occupation Certificate from Council, you will need:-
1.) Approved Building plans from the Municipality, plus any documentation from Town Planning regarding rezoning, building line relaxation, consent etc. etc. and if necessary an approved Site Development Plan (SDP).
2.) Completion Certificate from a registered structural / civil Engineer – this is for the Foundations, Concrete Slabs, Staircases, Wooden / Suspended floors, Steel work, Roofs, freestanding Walls over 2.1m high, swimming pools and all structures built without prior planning permission.
3.) Certificate (Roof Truss) – your truss supplier / installer should provide you with certification, alternatively consult your engineer.
4.) IOPSA Certificate of Compliance (Institute of Plumbing South Africa) – this is required for all plumbing / drainage / sewerage work. It can only be issued by a registered plumber
5.) Glazing Certificate – your glazier will supply you with Certification.
6.) Electrical Certificate of Compliance – this can only be issued by a registered Electrician.
7.) Fire Certificate – this is required for all public buildings and buildings using flammable materials e.g. wood or thatch roofs.
To avoid delays / additional Engineering fees etc. at the end of your building project – it is best to contact the Building Inspector prior to starting your build. The Building Inspector will want to conduct the following inspections:-
1.) Trench / Foundation Inspection – prior to concrete being poured.
2.) Wall / Structure Inspections – at floor level, lintel height and roof level.
3.) Drain Inspection – before connection to the municipal water / sewerage system and prior to infilling.
4.) Concrete Slab inspection (if applicable) – before concrete poured.
5.) Roof Inspection
Your local Municipality, Builder or Architect will provide you with your Building Inspectors contact details. It is best to call for appointments etc. before 10am whilst they are still in the office.
Once you have got your Occupation Certificate you will need to lodge copies with your bank (if the property is mortgaged) and your home / property insurance provider. This will save a lot of time in the event of a fire / flood etc
What you need to know about rates clearance certificates when selling your property
When selling your property, it is necessary for the conveyancer to get a rates clearance certificate (RCC) from the relevant local authority before the transfer can take place. This document certifies that there are no outstanding rates due to the property on the seller’s account.
Why is a rates clearance certificate necessary?
The RCC obtained from the City Council certifies that the seller does not owe any money to the municipality for the two year period preceding date of application for the RCC. The Registrar of Deeds acts as a policeman on behalf of the City Council and will not transfer a property from the seller to the purchaser unless the conveyancer presents a RCC when lodging the documents in the Deeds Office.
Rates clearance certificates are needed for freehold property and sectional title property
From 1 August 2008 sectional title properties are treated the same as freehold properties and each sectional title property owner will receive a rates account from the City Council. This means that a RCC must be obtained for sectional title properties as in the case of freehold properties.
Payment of rates before transfer
The conveyancer requests the rates clearance figures from City Council. The figures are determined by the City Council and not the conveyancer. The RCC will include arrears for rates, taxes, electricity, water, sewerage and refuse and will also include an advance portion which is discussed below.
It is important to note that the seller will be responsible for all accounts opened in respect of the property sold, even if accounts were opened by tenants.
Once the rates clearance figures are received, the conveyancer will present them to the seller to ensure the correctness thereof and ask for payment.
Whose responsibility is it to obtain a rates clearance certificate?
It is the seller’s responsibility to settle amounts due in order to obtain the RCC. The seller must pay the conveyancer (and not the City Council directly). The conveyancer will then pay the City Council as they require rates figures to be paid with a trust cheque. The RCC must be obtained and paid for before the lodging of transfer documents in the Deeds Office.
Sellers should let the conveyancer have copies of all municipal accounts to expedite the application process.
Once the conveyancer has obtained funds from the seller and paid for and obtained the RCC, the seller’s account at the City Council will be in credit and the seller will no longer be required make any further monthly payments to the City Council.
Why must the seller pay in advance?
The City Council issues figures for rates and taxes, electricity, water, sewerage and refuse for a period of 60 days in advance. The law related to the RCC provides that a RCC must be valid for a period of 60 days from the date of issue of the RCC by the City Council. The City Council gives the seller 1-2 months to pay and thereafter the RCC is valid for the 60 day period. Should the amount not be paid in time and the figures expire, new figures will need to be requested.
When does the seller get a refund from the city council and how?
After registration and once the municipal charges are transferred to the purchaser’s account, there is usually an amount in credit due to the seller by the City Council. The Council takes approximately 6 to 9 months to reconcile the seller’s and purchaser’s accounts and pay the refund.
The seller has to expressly request a refund from the municipality, it does not happen automatically. The seller should complete a Refund Application wherein their banking or postal details are specified and this is usually signed with the transferring attorneys. The Council will thereafter provide the seller with payment of the refund directly in due course.